The Golden Retriever was originally bred in the Scottish Highlands in the late 1800’s. Lord Tweedmouth, who wanted to perfect a retriever well suited to the Scottish climate, terrain for hunting, takes credit for developing the breed. He bred his original wavy coated “Yellow Retriever” with the yellow colored Tweed Water Spaniel; a breed once common in the Border country but no longer exists. The first litter of four puppies was born in 1868. The puppies were named Crocus, Primrose, Cowslip, and Ada. Later, the Irish Setter, Bloodhound, and more Tweed Water Spaniel contributed to the breed. Combining these breeds, the offspring possess an exceptional scenting ability, a drive to hunt, while remaining very friendly, and attractive.
First shown in Britan in 1908, the retriever was given a separate breed status in 1913, and classified as a Golden Retriever in 1920.
The golden retrievers we know today are descendants of the loyal hunting dogs from Scotland. Technically, they are non-slip retrievers. That means they are dogs who walk quietly by their owners side. It also means this breed is patient enough to sit in a blind until released. Goldens will fetch fallen game, both on land as well as in the water. They are also used to look for and sniff out game. Their above average intelligence, modest yet muscular form, and desire to please their master make them excellent hunters. While their friendly disposition, mild manners, intelligence, and luxurious coat make them wonderful show dogs as well. Golden Retrievers are often used as guide dogs for the blind, search and rescue dogs, and lovable family pets.
Over the years, the English, Canadian, and American Golden Retrievers have developed distinct differences in their coloring, stature, and face shape.
The English Golden is lighter in color, stockier in stature, and has different facial features. The American version of the Golden Retriever is darker in color and slimmer in stature. The Canadian Golden is a mix of the British and American Golden Retriever- not as light in color as the British, but lighter than the American Golden.
– Scott Hall